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Crack cocaine is made by mixing cocaine with baking soda to make small rocks. It provides intense but short-lived feelings of euphoria, energy and talkativeness.
What is Crack Cocaine Crack cocaine is a dangerous and addictive drug.
Crack is a highly concentrated free-base form of the stimulant drug,
cocaine. It is made by combining baking soda or ammonia into the powdered form
of cocaine, which then dries into a solid rock-like form.
Crack is usually smoked. When heated, its vapours
allow for large doses to be absorbed by the lungs, resulting in an intense
high. This euphoric rush fades quickly, leaving users craving more. The rapid
onset of the high and intensity of the feelings of euphoria make crack highly
and easily addictive.
According to a Harvard study, the brain’s
reward centres—known as the dopamine receptors—activate when crack is smoked,
which reinforces continued use of the drug.
Crack cocaine gets its name from the crackling
sound produced when the drug is heated and smoked.
Crack is far more addictive than regular cocaine.
The potency of the drug is extreme, and because of this, an addiction to crack
can develop rapidly. Many people form an addiction the first time they use
Since it is so addictive, any
amount of crack use should be cause for concern. Those addicted to crack often
put getting a fix before anything else in their life.
Family members and loved ones who use crack cocaine
will usually not be able to conceal their addiction successfully.
Signs of crack cocaine addiction
Anyone can abuse crack cocaine,
but cocaine is more expensive to buy than crack, making it a lot more
accessible and prevalent in low-income communities. At the same time, affluent
drug users tend to use cocaine rather than crack.
What is the difference? Cocaine is a hydrochloride salt in a pure powder form, and crack cocaine
is made from this powder. By combining cocaine and baking soda or ammonia and
then boiling the mixture, a solid substance is produced. Once that solid cools
and is broken into smaller bits, it becomes crack.
Since it is smoked, crack cocaine’s effects are
more immediate and intense than that of powdered cocaine.
Some of the short-term effects are:
Long-term effects can occur days, weeks, months,
and years after consistent drug abuse. Long-term effects include:
Crack cocaine or alcohol can harm an individual
when abused separately, but the effects of combining crack cocaine and alcohol
can be devastating. Mixing the two to amplify effects will create a
physiological and physical effect that can be fatal.
When combining alcohol, a depressant, with crack, a
stimulant, the results can be antagonistic, where one high cancels the other
out. This can result in the individual consuming more alcohol or using more
crack to amplify effects. This can result in an overdose. In addition to this,
the liver combines crack and alcohol to create a third substance, cocaethylene.
This substance greatly increases the euphoric effects of crack and can result
in sudden death.
Combining crack and alcohol can
also result in an increased risk of injuries, heart damage, and brain damage.
Treatment and recovery is the only way to lead a
drug-free life. Treatment navigators are available to assist with recovery from
crack cocaine addiction. It is essential to find a treatment
centre that specializes in helping individuals fight their addiction.
The first step toward recovery is
detox. When done in a controlled environment at a rehabilitation facility,
detox can safely cleanse the body from crack cocaine. Therapy and medications
that treat crack addiction can help with cravings and withdrawal and promote
Physicians at drug treatment
facilities develop detox strategies based on the patient’s unique body
chemistry and medical history. Unlike some other drugs, doses of crack are not
tapered down during detox. Addicts are advised to quit cold turkey under
medical supervision. Medications will be administered to help counteract
uncomfortable and dangerous withdrawal symptoms.
Those addicted to crack cocaine have usually
developed a physical and psychological dependence on it, resulting in severe
withdrawal symptoms when quitting.
When someone addicted to crack cocaine stops using,
their body goes through a significant adjustment period to relearn how to
function without the drug in their system.
Symptoms experienced during
Withdrawal symptoms vary based on many factors such
as the user’s tolerance, metabolism, length of addiction, the severity of the
habit, and the presence of any underlying mental health conditions or other
Withdrawal can begin anywhere
from 30 minutes to 72 hours after the last crack cocaine dose. Physical
symptoms of crack withdrawal usually last 1 to 3 months, but there is no exact
timeline for this as every individual is different. If withdrawal symptoms last
more than three weeks, the patient is considered to be suffering from PAWS
(post-acute withdrawal syndrome).
A stay in an inpatient
rehabilitation centre is one of the best ways to make a complete recovery from
crack addiction. There are many centres with varying treatment plans designed
to suit each individual. Most of them focus on cognitive behavioural therapy,
support groups, psychoeducational group therapy, and process group therapy.
from crack addiction is difficult but possible. Seeking help from a
professional addiction rehab centre is the first step towards recovery.
Recovering from addiction is never a one-size-fits-all approach.
Speak to us and we will help you
find the best tailored and personalized treatment program for you.
Information source : Crack Cocaine Addiction and Treatment | Addiction Rehab Treatment
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