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Crack Cocaine

Crack cocaine is made by mixing cocaine with baking soda to make small rocks. It provides intense but short-lived feelings of euphoria, energy and talkativeness.

What is Crack Cocaine 

What is Crack Cocaine 
Crack cocaine is a dangerous and addictive drug. Crack is a highly concentrated free-base form of the stimulant drug, cocaine. It is made by combining baking soda or ammonia into the powdered form of cocaine, which then dries into a solid rock-like form. Crack is usually smoked. When heated, its vapours allow for large doses to be absorbed by the lungs, resulting in an intense high. This euphoric rush fades quickly, leaving users craving more. The rapid onset of the high and intensity of the feelings of euphoria make crack highly and easily addictive. According to a Harvard study, the brain’s reward centres—known as the dopamine receptors—activate when crack is smoked, which reinforces continued use of the drug. Crack cocaine gets its name from the crackling sound produced when the drug is heated and smoked.

Other street names for Crack

How Addictive is Crack Cocaine

Crack is far more addictive than regular cocaine. The potency of the drug is extreme, and because of this, an addiction to crack can develop rapidly. Many people form an addiction the first time they use crack cocaine. Since it is so addictive, any amount of crack use should be cause for concern. Those addicted to crack often put getting a fix before anything else in their life.

Signs of a Crack Cocaine Addiction

Family members and loved ones who use crack cocaine will usually not be able to conceal their addiction successfully. 

Signs of crack cocaine addiction include:

Who Abuses Crack Cocaine

Anyone can abuse crack cocaine, but cocaine is more expensive to buy than crack, making it a lot more accessible and prevalent in low-income communities. At the same time, affluent drug users tend to use cocaine rather than crack.

Crack vs Cocaine

What is the difference? Cocaine is a hydrochloride salt in a pure powder form, and crack cocaine is made from this powder. By combining cocaine and baking soda or ammonia and then boiling the mixture, a solid substance is produced. Once that solid cools and is broken into smaller bits, it becomes crack.

Side-Effects of Crack Cocaine

Since it is smoked, crack cocaine’s effects are more immediate and intense than that of powdered cocaine. Some of the short-term effects are:

Long-Term Effects of Crack Cocaine Addiction

Long-term effects can occur days, weeks, months, and years after consistent drug abuse. 
Long-term effects include:

Crack Cocaine and Alcohol

Crack cocaine or alcohol can harm an individual when abused separately, but the effects of combining crack cocaine and alcohol can be devastating. Mixing the two to amplify effects will create a physiological and physical effect that can be fatal. When combining alcohol, a depressant, with crack, a stimulant, the results can be antagonistic, where one high cancels the other out. This can result in the individual consuming more alcohol or using more crack to amplify effects. This can result in an overdose. In addition to this, the liver combines crack and alcohol to create a third substance, cocaethylene. This substance greatly increases the euphoric effects of crack and can result in sudden death. Combining crack and alcohol can also result in an increased risk of injuries, heart damage, and brain damage.

Treatment for Crack Addiction

Treatment and recovery is the only way to lead a drug-free life. Treatment navigators are available to assist with recovery from crack cocaine addiction. It is essential to find a treatment centre that specializes in helping individuals fight their addiction. The first step toward recovery is detox. When done in a controlled environment at a rehabilitation facility, detox can safely cleanse the body from crack cocaine. Therapy and medications that treat crack addiction can help with cravings and withdrawal and promote recovery.

Therapies Used in Crack Cocaine Addiction Treatment

A stay in an inpatient rehabilitation centre is one of the best ways to make a complete recovery from crack addiction. There are many centres with varying treatment plans designed to suit each individual. Most of them focus on cognitive behavioural therapy, support groups, psychoeducational group therapy, and process group therapy.

Recovering from a Crack Addiction

Recovery from crack addiction is difficult but possible. Seeking help from a professional addiction rehab centre is the first step towards recovery. Recovering from addiction is never a one-size-fits-all approach.

Speak to us and we will help you find the best tailored and personalized treatment program for you.

Information source : Crack Cocaine Addiction and Treatment | Addiction Rehab Treatment